A new enneagram point of view…

Frédéric Schmitt

Hermes / Mercury God of messengers and thieves


Auvergne, Winter 2006

sorry for approximative translation

Hermes / Mercury, God of commerce and thieves finds its place in the 8th sphere of Kabbalah, named Hod, symbolizing Pure Intelligence and the power of conceptualization.

This 8th sephirah corresponds to the type 7 of the Enneagram,

Here  a few key words : intelligence, abstraction, conceptualization, rationalization, order, polemic, illusion, distortion, trickery, lying, deceit, dishonesty, mental image, magic, velocity, vivacity, vision of splendor, eternity, youth and of course the most important, the hermaphrodite (masculine-feminine). We also find restriction, inhibition, rigidity.

In its luminous aspect, Hod corresponds to the power of conceptualization, of intelligibility of man, to his power of discernment and knowledge (the caduceus) enabling him to communicate with the most subtle plans of the Divine.

In its obscure side, it refers to a notion of excessive logic, doubt and rationalization, wandering, blindness, illusion, lying, cunning, distortion and travesty of reality. Man remains hermetically closed to the divine spheres and to the essence of things (C. R. Payeur).

How does this fact that these wonderful keywords appear in any textbooks and courses of Enneagram refering to Kabbalah ?

By what incredible magic trick, the key words, lying, deceit, dishonesty, masculine / feminine, are found in type 3?

And what about the gluttony ranked in type 7 ?

Or is it still this thief of Mercury who stole the crown from his rival father, the good, powerful and magnanimous King / Jupiter, attributed to Hesed, the 4th sephirah, and corresponding to the type 3 of the enneagram and of which a few key words, according to CR Payeur: Grace, righteousness, obedience, conformism, idolatry, superficiality, hypocrisy, excess zeal, enthusiasm, productivity, abundance, fructification, insecurity, greed, gluttony, waste.

By what skillful subterfuge the 7 is described in the Enneagram as a rude gluttonous, and planner, well in his life and in his sneakers. ?

Why Ichazo’s description of the schizotypal , how precious, concerning the 7, according to the DSM 4, is obliterated from the textbooks: phobia and social embarrassment, shyness and complexity, cognitive and perceptual distortions, magical thinking, attraction for the paranormal , etc. (the 7 Yin type according to us).

How many people  type 7  I have met , very often men, who are classified in type 3, or 5 or 6  by default, of these  multiple knowledge and subtleties peculiar to the enneagram.


What about those many keywords distributed pell-mells around the enneagram, like an unbelievable deck of cards?

Will the Enneagram one day give birth to all its secrets?

Type 3 is identified to his persona. He lost contact with his true Self. The persona is a part of the collective unconscious that is appropriated so as to be socially acceptable. One conforms to an image, to a model in an exaggerated way, one passes his personal worries after the collective needs. The good King / Hesed put himself at the service of his people. He is upright and has only one word and does not like to disappoint. He identifies himself with the task to be accomplished which in general is Olympian.

Hod / type 7 symbolizes the power of conceptualization and mentalization (Mercury). He has multiple projects that he has difficulty to follow, he disperses and struggles to follow his commitments. His vision is fragmentary and linear. (Left brain / mental-analytic)

Hesed / type 3 symbolizes the power of synthesis and anabolism (Jupiter). He slaughters a ton of work by excessive conformity, anticipation and excess zeal. His vision is panoramic, global and synthetic. (Right brain / mental-synthetic )


The 72 Names of God or Angels in the zodiac

The 72 “Angels” require a little explanation.

Their origin goes back to the Hebrew tradition, and comes from the Psalm of the bible which speaks of the exodus and from which are drawn the 72 names of God.

This Psalm has three sentences of 72 letters each. By taking the first three letters of each of the three sentences you get a first name and so forth to give 72 names which each have 3 letters. The Hebrew tradition arranges the 72 names on the circle of the Zodiac from the 0 ° of Aries and thus each name corresponds to 5°. Thus, each sign of the Zodiac (30 °) contains 6 names (6 X 12 = 72).

This was the support of various spiritual practices in this tradition. During the Italian renaissance, some synergy occurs between the Jewish and Christian traditions, and the 72 names of God became 72 angels.

So please understand these Angels not as external beings, but as divine energies symbolized on the Zodiac and that we carry inside us.




The Rosace of the 72 Angels around the zodiac


There are 4 other levels of distribution of these Angels linked to the 4 Elements in this order Earth Water Fire Air.

If we put one Angel for 5 ° we get the Angel of Earth or the angel that governs the physical plane. If we put an Angel by degree (72 angels will occupy therefore 72 degrees and there will be 5 rounds of 72 angel on the year) it will gives us approximately an Angel by day, and this corresponds to the Angel of the water or the emotional Angel.

If one put the 72 Angels on a week (7.2 degree exactly, there will be 50 cycles of 72 angels) we get the Angel of fire or Angel of intuition. If we put the 72 angels on a day we get the Angel of Air or Angel of the mental. And finally, (but there we’ll talk another day) the 5 ° Angel is the Angel of Space or Angel of our deepest identity.

His knowledge is obtained through analogy with the Enneagram.


The 72 Angels or Archetypes in the Enneagram :

The link we did between these 72 energies and the Enneagram is possible because in our model we identified 8 subtypes (4 yin and yang 4 = 8) combining with the 9 types (8 X 9 = 72). The fourth subtype being as you know it now, the famous Sxvenus subtype, opposed to the Sxmars subytpe (See article in Enneagram Monthly  , issue 211 and 224 )

The link made between the 72 angels and 72 archetypes of the Enneagram has not been it following our inspiration or understanding but by a quite elaborate mathematical calculation and that we eventually checked in practice by observation. 

I say this because when we say that such an Angel is linked to such type of the Enneagram is not by a psychological reflection that we got there but by a logic mathematical calculation, which is much deeper.

Thus these 72 Angels or Archetypes of the Enneagram do not rank in the order of the zodiac (the first Angel in type 1, etc.), but according to a very precise order related to the four elements and their correspondences with the eight subtypes of each 9 Types

We have Angels of Fire, two by type,  so 18 Angels of Fire, then 18 Angels of Water, then Air, then Earth, which makes 72 Angels in total that cover the whole  Model of the “ Enneagram as we have elaborated it.

As example, for  type 1 :

Fire Yang  1(sexua l Mars) : Angel Vehuel n° 1

Fire Yin 1   (sexual Mars ): Angel Jeliel n°2


Air Yang 1 (social ) : Angel Aniel n° 37

Air Yin 1 (social ) : Angel Haamiah n°38

For copyright reasons, we cannot publish here the totality of the  Angels classification in the Enneagram. Thanks for understanding

To be  followed, if you like it …

See more on our FB group : “Enneagram and Beyond… ” https://www.facebook.com/groups/618113078366315/?ref=bookmarks


The return of Proserpine

Frederic Leighton


About Proserpine, here is a short excerpt of an article that should appear soon.

This excerpt completes a previous post on this blog, devoted to Angel Rochel

The Proserpine Complex

The mysteries of Eleusis, the main and oldest cult of the Greek religion, lasted about 2000 years (-1450 to + 392). They were closely connected to the myth of Demeter and Persephone.

The myth reflects the notion of transformation and the cyclical nature of life. Existence does not stop with death because there is no death; There is only the change from one state of being to another, symbolized by the decomposition of the seed in the earth and its reappearance in the form of a living being which rises towards the light.

Thus the initiations to the mysteries of Eleusis were probably close to what the survivors of the experiments of imminent death (EMI) report or what is experienced in transpersonal therapy, during the holotropic breathing sessions (what the psychiatrist Stanislav Grof called the perinatal matrices).

There is, then, in the complex of Proserpine a strong need for spiritual initiation to the truths of life and death, of deep exploration of the psyche and of complete and radical transformation of being without compromise for worldliness and the superficial visions of reality. These people are shamans, spiritual healers, mediums. They have a great aptitude for the phenomena of trance, they have visions and they naturally have psychic powers – healing, clairvoyance, telepathy, …

The dynamics of Proserpine through myth is centered around fusion and separation, possession and emancipation, ignorance and knowledge.

In the first part of his life the Proserpine individual is in fusion with or possessed by one or both his parents, and possibly later by a spouse.

She is too kind, unable to say no, hard to know and to respect her limits, victim, impotent, present of compassion, sensitive to the needs of others, too emotional, difficult to name emotions, imaginative, great need to withdraw, to isolate himself, a child who plays alone, his sensitivity does not conform to family norms, unorthodox, unconventional, traumas in childhood physical or psychic, woman child unaware of its sexual attractiveness.

Although the subject has propensities to mystical work, spirituality often bursts into life suddenly or even brutally in the form of mystical experiences, meeting with a partner or a master. This can also be the result of separation or grief.

This event will initiate the demerger, the separation from the family environment, which often leads to quite strong reactions from those who exercised a power over her (like Demeter).

From this moment the subject Proserpine will start a process of reintegration of his inner power. She is able to tell her truth rather than wanting to please others, knows how to put healthy limits, knows how to take care of her, has reinstated her masculine interior, the animus, which means that she developed her affirmed nature, and active, music, nature and mystical experiences recharge it, it is mystical, visionary, connected with spiritual guides and minds, it becomes capable of guiding others in their subterranean worlds, with great finesse, compassion, of intuition and of wisdom.

Sometimes, and this is the other aspect of the Proserpine planet, the subject will identify with Demeter, the possessive, jealous, vindictive and cruel mother who regents and instrumentalises those around her, her partner and her children. If those on whom it exercises its power try to get rid of it, it can become very hard or emotionally blackmail. It is often at this point that she begins a process of transformation where she can accept that loving attention to her loved ones goes hand in hand with a full and complete acceptance of the suffering of a separation that sooner or later come.

Finally, Proserpine teaches us to become aware of the impermanence of phenomena and of human life in particular. It teaches us to face the fear of death in order to do the work of growth and let go. To see beyond the captivating shimmering of appearances, to transcend the attachment to possession in order to realize the non-existence of phenomena and the Self, is the ultimate teaching delivered by Proserpine.

To be continued …

The Three Graces of Sandro Botticelli


One of the most interesting systems is Astrology because it describes the cycles of life, also well outer (the events), somatic (chronobiology) than those of our emotions. You can of course use the planetary positions, but in our practice by the attention and awareness we can observe the macrocycles (from birth to death) and the microcycles of our existence. For this the twelve signs of the Zodiac are an excellent model.

The twelve signs are divided into four quarters: East – spring (child), South – summer (maturity), West – fall (decline) and North – winter (finiteness). Each quarter is divided into three signs,

the first is Cardinal (entry into the season solstice or Equinox), the second fixed (the middle of the season) and the third Mutable (the phase of transition with the following season). Cardinal = drive, creation, dynamism, action, heat, speed. Fixed = receptive, slowness, coldness, stability. Mutable = Exchange, communication, relationship, instability, change, mutation.

The child is born and develops very quickly this is the dynamic phase (Aries). Then phase of stabilization (Taurus), finally it opens to the outer world from adolescence until age 21 (Gemini). Etc…This can apply to a project, a company, a relationship, etc…

There are several links with the Enneagram: types 1 2 and 3 are Cardinal, 4, 5 and 6 fixed and 7, 8 and 9 mutable. Then there is some sub cycles: 4, 7 and 1 are Cardinal, 2, 5, 8 are fixed and 3, 6 and 9 are mutable.

So the 1 is cardinal cardinal, 2 cardinal fixed and the 3 cardinal mutable. 4 is fixed fixed 5 cardinal fixed and 6 fixed mutable 7 is mutable cardinal, the 8 mutable fixed and 9 mutable mutable. Combined with the 4 subtypes Earth, water, Air and fire, we get for example
the 1 sx fire = cardinal cardinal fire = first decan of Aries
the 1 sx water = cardinal cardinal water = first decan of Cancer
the 1 air (social) = cardinal cardinal Air = first decan of the Balance
1 earth (self-preservation) = cardinal cardinal Earth = first decan of Capricorn

We can therefore say that the 1 is cardinal/cardinal so particularly committed towards a goal, dynamic, hyperactive, wanting to control and do not support barriers. If the 1 is sx fire, it is the first decan of Aries : speed impatience and anger dominates. If the 1 is sx water, it’s the first decan of Cancer, need for harmony in the couple, if the 1 is (social) air, it’s the first decan of Libra, a lot of hesitation and need for harmony in social relations, if the 1 is Earth (self preservation): it’s the first decan of Capricorn, domination by material (wants a safe status).

September 8, feast of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary inspires us to talk about the astrological sign of Virgo and Bacchus his astrological regent and see their links with the Enneagram.

There is a similarity between the myth of Dionysus/Bacchus and that of Christ. Benedict XVI notes in his Jesus of Nazareth: “as […] The Lord gave the bread and wine as the carriers of the new Covenant, it is certainly not forbidden to think […] and to see reflected in the Cana story the mystery of the Logos and its cosmic liturgy, in which the myth of Dionysus [Bacchus] is completely transformed while being driven to his hidden truth. »

Continue reading

Here is an exerpt of the type 6 in our new book in process: the book of integrative typology


Spiritual archetype: Aphrodite

Aphrodite two main aspects are Victory and Beauty.

Victory refers to its attributes of perseverance, determination, endurance and the power to cut through all obstacles and hesitations which stand in the way of realizing one’s aspiration. Aphrodite takes decision, stands firm forever and never regrets (change one’s mind) even in the face of death. It can be said that the ultimate victory is that over death. Aphrodite is not a mortal who fears death and is thereby likely “to regret” in the face of death. It’s absolute confidence.

Beauty refers to the realm of feeling, sentiment, clarity, brightness, sincerity, truth, faith, love, creativity and procreative instinct of the Goddess Aphrodite. It’s the rapture to perceive divine presence in everything.

Identity Nucleus

The source of suffering of any kind is always linked to the duality (Ego consciousness) and the separation of our true spiritual nature. In the type 6, the loss of Victory give rise to insecurity and the loss of Beauty (and so to self-esteem) to stained feeling. The spiritual ego is identified with the jealous, controling and fault-finding Primal Father. The primitive ego is identified with the extase whose most instinctive expression is raw sexual enjoyment and possession. In consequence, relation ego perceives pleasure as impure and feels himself stained. The fear of punishment gives him a tremendous feeling of vulnerability, guilt and self-doubt, with no secure place in the world. They can compensate in two ways. The yin compensation is by trying to regain the estim of the Father with a strong sense of loyality. The yang compensation is by rebelling against an authority that is perceived as unfair, oppressive and tyrannical.


fleurs multicolores


Naranjo is credited to have the first put the personality disorders of DSM IV in the Enneagram (in character and neurosis), but Ichazo before propounded his own classification.

  Ichazo Naranjo
Type 1 Obsessive-Compulsive Obsessive-Compulsive
Type 2 Narcissistic Histrionic
Type 3 Histrionic X
Type 4 Borderline Masochistic
Type 5 Schizoid or Anti-Social Schizoïd
Type 6 Paranoid Paranoid
Type 7 Schizotypal Narcissic
Type 8 Passive-Aggressive Sadistic
Type 9 Avoidant/Dependent Dependant


Beside the fact that these two classifications shows some huge differences that nobody has pointed out nor clarified (why 7 is narcissicist in one and schizotypal in the other ??), we question the even fact to classify Axis II diagnostic system of DSM-IV in the nine enneatypes.

Second, we question also the tendency to pathologize both the types and the subtypes by giving pathologizing names. Each type or subtypes can be described on the whole spectrum from pathology to psychological maturation and spiritual qualities.

Jeffrey Young an American psychologist works on a new therapy that deals with Early Maladaptive Schemas (Schema Therapy). Early Maladaptive Schemas are self-defeating emotional and cognitive patterns that begin early in our development and repeat throughout life. According to this definition, an individual’s behavior is not part of the schema itself; Young theorizes that “maladaptive behaviors develop as responses to a schema”. Thus behaviors are driven by schemas but are not part of schemas.

As note Jeffrey Young (in his book, Schema Therapy), “we believe that the Axis II diagnostic system in DSM-IV is seriously flawed. In an attempt to establish criteria based on observable behaviors, the developers have lost the essence of both what distinguishes Axis I from Axis II disorders and what makes chronic disorders hard to treat. According to our model, internal schemas lie at the core of personality disorders and the behavioral patterns in DSM-IV are primarily responses to the core schemas.For most DSM-IV categories, the coping behaviors are the personality disorders. Many diagnostic criteria are lists of coping responses”.

In our fifteen years of clinical observations on more than 2000 subjects, we clearly saw that the personality disorders of the DSM IV, as behavioral pattern, is connected to the subtypes rather than the types that are linked to the cognitive and emotional core schemas.

For example, type 6 is the schema of vulnerability. If the subtype is more introverted, the individual will surrender to his schema (phobic 6), and if he is more extraverted he will counter attack his schema (counter phobic 6). The type 7 is the schema of self-sacrifice. If the subtype is introverted, he will surrender to the schema (sacrifice) and if he is extraverted he will counter attack it (counter sacrifice or epicurean). It’s exactly the same with the nine types as we already stated earlier (#EM 206). Note that we have adapted Jeffrey Young schema therapy to our new enneagram model, and our results show slight differences.

We classify personality disorders in the subtypes like that (based on Reich five character structures) : sx mars : obsessive compulsive, sx venus : histrionic, sc : masochistic, sp : narcissic, st : schizoid (sx : sexual, sc : social, sp : self preservation, st : spiritual subtypes).

The consequences are that every type can be histrionic (and not only the 2), every type can be narcissic (and not only the 7), every type can be obsessive compulsive (and not only the 1), every type can be masochistic (and not only the 4), every type can be schizoid (and not only the 5).

Most of people say a type is not a behavior, although most of the time, we can hear such things as: he is a 4 because he is an artist, he is a 5 because he is a loner, he is a 1 because he is perfectionist, he is a 8 because he is strong, and so on… but don’t you think that artist, loner, perfectionist, strong… sounds like behavior?

Our goal is to re define types and subtypes in that sense:

  • Nine types and five subtypes are two separate systems that mix together like abscissa and ordinate to define the character of an individual.
  • Both types and subtypes can be defined through a whole spectrum from pathology to psychological and spiritual qualities.
  • Types are more connected to cognitive and emotional level (schema); subtypes are more connected to behavioral response.


That’s the topic of the present article for subtypes.

To be published soon in Enneagram Monthly. Stay tuned !



Carl Gustav Jung determinated four basic functions: sensing, feeling, intuition, thinking plus consciousness as a fifth function.

Through the study of analytical psychology, Jung explained the idea of quaternary or wholeness. Quaternary is a total of four parts combined to create a whole and in this case, quaternary describes the completion of human beings.

In the psychology of Jung, people have four elements or a quaternary as fundamental patterns depicting thoughts and behavior.

As a circle is whole, there are four equal parts pieced together to form the thoughts of human beings. In the same way, the quaternary composes every individual with four pieces perfectly fitting together to create wholeness. The mandala is an example of quaternary in a depicted form. Carl Jung explained the quality of four parts or the quaternary in people. The pieces are as follows, the mind or intuition, the body or sensation, the intellect or thinking, and emotion or feeling. The four elements or quaternity as described by Jung create the basis of every human being.

Our discovering of the fourth subtype (see more EM, issue 200,  ) leads us to give to enneagram the missing part : the female aspect of the totality or the Self. The three centers and the nine types symbolize the male aspect, and the four subtypes the female aspect. The union of the two, is the sacred marriage of the opposites.

On the contrary, and as Jung himself stated, each function is correlated symbolically to an element like that : Sensing : Earth, Feeling : Water, Intuition : Fire and Thinking : Air, so it’s very easy and logic to correlate the four functions to the four subtypes like that :

  • Self preservation : Earth and Sensing
  • Sexual venus : Water and Feeling
  • Sexual mars : Fire and Intuition
  • Social : Air and Thinking.

We can represent these four functions with the four Subtypes, with their Yin(Introverted) and Yang (Extroverted ) aspects,  on this schema :



Croix de Jung


In this diagram, the four subtypes are represented in the form of Jung’s famous cross, with the corresponding four elements (Earth, Water, Fire, Air), the four psychic functions of Jung and the three somatotypes of William Sheldon (plus the new somatotype “Venus” we discovered). Each Yin/Yang aspect of the four subtypes, corresponds to the eight characters of the French psychologist Gaston Berger, as well as the eight psychological types described by Jung. (For more details on that topic see EM # 200).


You can find some more  explanations on the 8 Jungian functions :


A whole article of the subtypes will be published soon in EM. Patience !!



A new article on Enneagram Monthly about Enneagram and constitution and also share your comments with us on enneagram monthly group


Our next article will be on the System of the 5 subtypes of the Enneagram,  related to the Cross of Jung,  the 5 Wilhem Reich character structures, the 5 Wisdom Families.

Naranjo is credited to have the first put the personality disorders (PD) of DSM IV in the Enneagram (in character and neurosis), but Ichazo before propouned his own classification.

  Ichazo Naranjo
Type 1 Obsessive-Compulsive Obsessive-Compulsive
Type 2 Narcissistic Histrionic
Type 3 Histrionic X
Type 4 Borderline Masochistic
Type 5 Schizoid or Anti-Social Schizoïd
Type 6 Paranoid Paranoid
Type 7 Schizotypal Narcissic
Type 8 Passive-Aggressive Sadistic
Type 9 Avoidant/Dependent Dependant


As note Jeffrey Young (in his book, Shema Therapy), the different personality disorders of the DSM IV correspond mainly to behavior disorders. Young states that the core personality schema is cognitive and emotional, and behavior is a defense mechanism to cope with the schema. In our clinical observations since fifteen years, we clearly see that ennea-types is connected to cognitive and emotional schemas, and subtypes to the behavioral defense mechanism. For example, type 6 is schema of vulnerability. If the subtype is more introverted, the individual will surrender to his schema (phobic 6), and if he is more extraverted he will counter attack his schema (counter phobic 6). It’s exactly the same with the nine types as we already stated earlier (#Enneagram Monthly, Issue N° 206)

Our clinical observations confirm the statement of Young : the personality disorders of the DSM IV is more connected to the subtypes (behavioral defense mechanisms) rather than the types (core personality schemas).

For example,

  • sx mars : obsessive compulsive PD,
  • sx venus : histrionic PD,
  • sc : masochistic PD,
  • sp : narcissic PD,
  • st : schizoid PD

(sx : sexual, sc : social, sp : self preservation, st : spiritual).

The consequences is that every type can be histrionic (and not only the 2), every type can be narcissic (and not only the 7), every type can be obsessive compulsive (and not only the 1), every type can be masochistic (and not only the 4), every type can be schizoid (and not only the 5).

Most of people say a type is not a behavior, although most of the time, we can hear such things as : he is a 4 because he is an artist, he is a 5 because he is a loner, he is a 1 because he is perfectionist, he is a 8 because he is strong, and so on… but don’t you think that artist, loner, perfectionist, strong… sounds like behavior ?

We need to re define ennea-types for what they are : distortion of perception on a cognitive and emotional level, and subtypes for what they are : behavioral defense mechanisms.

We will deepen that topic in the next article on enneagram monthly.

Mandala of five


Entrez votre adresse email pour vous abonner à ce blog et recevoir une notification de chaque nouvel article par email.

Join 5 other subscribers