A new enneagram point of view…
  

Frédéric Schmitt

 

Sophie Anderson

Translation in English soon !

 

 

De l’Ange Rochel à la planète Proserpine …

 

Je voulais vous parler un peu de l’Ange Rochel qui vient de me prêter main forte, hier soir , pour deux objets qui j’avais “perdus” depuis un bon mois et dont je n’arrivais ni à me souvenir de l’endroit où j’avais pu les perdre, ni mettre la main dessus dans un quelconque endroit susceptible de les y avoir déposés…

L’Ange Rochel, n°69,  nommé Ange de la Restitution est connu pour aider à retrouver des objets perdus, peut être certains d’entre vous qui connaissez les Anges  l’ avez  déjà expérimenté ?

Je dois dire que je m’intéresse aux Anges plus particulièrement depuis que nous avons réalisés nos travaux sur l’Ennéagramme et leurs étonnantes concordances avec celui-ci, mais de là à les invoquer pour de quelconque rituel de “magie” ou autre, dans des occasions difficiles pour aider à la réalisation de projets ou  d’affaires, etc…  non point de tout cela …

Cependant force m’est de constater que conformément à la science et à l’observation des Anciens, qui attribuent pour chaque Ange une période  annuelle, hebdomadaire, quotidienne et horaire, que cette science semble bien basée  sur une réalité…

Revenons à mes objets, sans forcément grandes valeurs sauf peut être le premier, puisqu’il s’agit d’un mala  (rosaire bouddhiste ) que j’avais emporté en voyage et qui avait été béni récemment par Sa Sainteté Karmapa à Grenoble.  J’avais bien pris soin de le mettre dans une petite sacoche, qui ressemble, allez , à quelque chose près , à celle de l’ange en illustration. Le deuxième objet, un chargeur de téléphone…

Impossible donc depuis 1 mois de mettre la main dessus, j’ai beau chercher , réfléchir , essayer de me rappeler où j’ai bien pu ranger ces objets, … Rien à faire… et cela n’est pas faute d’avoir cherché, bien au contraire, bref, énervant à la fin…

Hier soir vers 11 h, après avoir médité, je reviens à la charge…!  Mais où sont passés ces fichus objets et  ce mala rose, il doit bien être quelque part, quand même ! ,… Et je me dirige droit vers un sac que j’avais oublié dans lequel je l’y avais déposé pour une après midi, … Complètement oublié , Le plus stupéfiant c’est qu’au même moment, me vient une lueur de mémoire pour mon chargeur, Oui mais bien sûr je le cherchais au mauvais endroit, il était resté sur une prise à un endroit incongru.

Contente comme une mère qui a retrouvé ses petits, je  me couche, en me disant que j’allais vérifier le lendemain la tranche horaire de Rochel …

Bingo !! La tranche horaire dévolue à l’Ange Rochel est 22 h 40 à 23 h !!!

Et le lien avec l’Ennagramme, dans tout cela ? ! …

Et bien je vais vous le dire…

Nos récents travaux sur les fleurs de Bach, l’astrologie, et les décans en particulier, montrent  que le type 8 Terre Yang de l’Ennéagramme est directement connecté à cet Ange Rochel  , au remède Chicory  et … à la planète Proserpine…

On sait que Demeter a cherché sa fille de long mois, capturé par Hadès dans les enfers… Ses tourments étaient à légal de son amour et de  son attachement éperdus pour sa fille unique, qu’elle avait bien du mal à laisser vivre, libre,  loin d’elle , et loin des ses sempiternels craintes et soucis de mère …

De prochains articles et ouvrages sont en cours de rédaction sur ce passionnant sujet.

A suivre…

September 8, feast of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary inspires us to talk about the astrological sign of Virgo and Bacchus his astrological regent and see their links with the Enneagram.

There is a similarity between the myth of Dionysus/Bacchus and that of Christ. Benedict XVI notes in his Jesus of Nazareth: “as […] The Lord gave the bread and wine as the carriers of the new Covenant, it is certainly not forbidden to think […] and to see reflected in the Cana story the mystery of the Logos and its cosmic liturgy, in which the myth of Dionysus [Bacchus] is completely transformed while being driven to his hidden truth. »

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Here is an exerpt of the type 6 in our new book in process: the book of integrative typology

botticelli-venus

Spiritual archetype: Aphrodite

Aphrodite two main aspects are Victory and Beauty.

Victory refers to its attributes of perseverance, determination, endurance and the power to cut through all obstacles and hesitations which stand in the way of realizing one’s aspiration. Aphrodite takes decision, stands firm forever and never regrets (change one’s mind) even in the face of death. It can be said that the ultimate victory is that over death. Aphrodite is not a mortal who fears death and is thereby likely “to regret” in the face of death. It’s absolute confidence.

Beauty refers to the realm of feeling, sentiment, clarity, brightness, sincerity, truth, faith, love, creativity and procreative instinct of the Goddess Aphrodite. It’s the rapture to perceive divine presence in everything.

Identity Nucleus

The source of suffering of any kind is always linked to the duality (Ego consciousness) and the separation of our true spiritual nature. In the type 6, the loss of Victory give rise to insecurity and the loss of Beauty (and so to self-esteem) to stained feeling. The spiritual ego is identified with the jealous, controling and fault-finding Primal Father. The primitive ego is identified with the extase whose most instinctive expression is raw sexual enjoyment and possession. In consequence, relation ego perceives pleasure as impure and feels himself stained. The fear of punishment gives him a tremendous feeling of vulnerability, guilt and self-doubt, with no secure place in the world. They can compensate in two ways. The yin compensation is by trying to regain the estim of the Father with a strong sense of loyality. The yang compensation is by rebelling against an authority that is perceived as unfair, oppressive and tyrannical.

 

fleurs multicolores

 

Naranjo is credited to have the first put the personality disorders of DSM IV in the Enneagram (in character and neurosis), but Ichazo before propounded his own classification.

  Ichazo Naranjo
Type 1 Obsessive-Compulsive Obsessive-Compulsive
Type 2 Narcissistic Histrionic
Type 3 Histrionic X
Type 4 Borderline Masochistic
Type 5 Schizoid or Anti-Social Schizoïd
Type 6 Paranoid Paranoid
Type 7 Schizotypal Narcissic
Type 8 Passive-Aggressive Sadistic
Type 9 Avoidant/Dependent Dependant

 

Beside the fact that these two classifications shows some huge differences that nobody has pointed out nor clarified (why 7 is narcissicist in one and schizotypal in the other ??), we question the even fact to classify Axis II diagnostic system of DSM-IV in the nine enneatypes.

Second, we question also the tendency to pathologize both the types and the subtypes by giving pathologizing names. Each type or subtypes can be described on the whole spectrum from pathology to psychological maturation and spiritual qualities.

Jeffrey Young an American psychologist works on a new therapy that deals with Early Maladaptive Schemas (Schema Therapy). Early Maladaptive Schemas are self-defeating emotional and cognitive patterns that begin early in our development and repeat throughout life. According to this definition, an individual’s behavior is not part of the schema itself; Young theorizes that “maladaptive behaviors develop as responses to a schema”. Thus behaviors are driven by schemas but are not part of schemas.

As note Jeffrey Young (in his book, Schema Therapy), “we believe that the Axis II diagnostic system in DSM-IV is seriously flawed. In an attempt to establish criteria based on observable behaviors, the developers have lost the essence of both what distinguishes Axis I from Axis II disorders and what makes chronic disorders hard to treat. According to our model, internal schemas lie at the core of personality disorders and the behavioral patterns in DSM-IV are primarily responses to the core schemas.For most DSM-IV categories, the coping behaviors are the personality disorders. Many diagnostic criteria are lists of coping responses”.

In our fifteen years of clinical observations on more than 2000 subjects, we clearly saw that the personality disorders of the DSM IV, as behavioral pattern, is connected to the subtypes rather than the types that are linked to the cognitive and emotional core schemas.

For example, type 6 is the schema of vulnerability. If the subtype is more introverted, the individual will surrender to his schema (phobic 6), and if he is more extraverted he will counter attack his schema (counter phobic 6). The type 7 is the schema of self-sacrifice. If the subtype is introverted, he will surrender to the schema (sacrifice) and if he is extraverted he will counter attack it (counter sacrifice or epicurean). It’s exactly the same with the nine types as we already stated earlier (#EM 206). Note that we have adapted Jeffrey Young schema therapy to our new enneagram model, and our results show slight differences.

We classify personality disorders in the subtypes like that (based on Reich five character structures) : sx mars : obsessive compulsive, sx venus : histrionic, sc : masochistic, sp : narcissic, st : schizoid (sx : sexual, sc : social, sp : self preservation, st : spiritual subtypes).

The consequences are that every type can be histrionic (and not only the 2), every type can be narcissic (and not only the 7), every type can be obsessive compulsive (and not only the 1), every type can be masochistic (and not only the 4), every type can be schizoid (and not only the 5).

Most of people say a type is not a behavior, although most of the time, we can hear such things as: he is a 4 because he is an artist, he is a 5 because he is a loner, he is a 1 because he is perfectionist, he is a 8 because he is strong, and so on… but don’t you think that artist, loner, perfectionist, strong… sounds like behavior?

Our goal is to re define types and subtypes in that sense:

  • Nine types and five subtypes are two separate systems that mix together like abscissa and ordinate to define the character of an individual.
  • Both types and subtypes can be defined through a whole spectrum from pathology to psychological and spiritual qualities.
  • Types are more connected to cognitive and emotional level (schema); subtypes are more connected to behavioral response.

 

That’s the topic of the present article for subtypes.

To be published soon in Enneagram Monthly. Stay tuned !

 carl-jung

 

Carl Gustav Jung determinated four basic functions: sensing, feeling, intuition, thinking plus consciousness as a fifth function.

Through the study of analytical psychology, Jung explained the idea of quaternary or wholeness. Quaternary is a total of four parts combined to create a whole and in this case, quaternary describes the completion of human beings.

In the psychology of Jung, people have four elements or a quaternary as fundamental patterns depicting thoughts and behavior.

As a circle is whole, there are four equal parts pieced together to form the thoughts of human beings. In the same way, the quaternary composes every individual with four pieces perfectly fitting together to create wholeness. The mandala is an example of quaternary in a depicted form. Carl Jung explained the quality of four parts or the quaternary in people. The pieces are as follows, the mind or intuition, the body or sensation, the intellect or thinking, and emotion or feeling. The four elements or quaternity as described by Jung create the basis of every human being.

Our discovering of the fourth subtype (see more EM, issue 200,  ) leads us to give to enneagram the missing part : the female aspect of the totality or the Self. The three centers and the nine types symbolize the male aspect, and the four subtypes the female aspect. The union of the two, is the sacred marriage of the opposites.

On the contrary, and as Jung himself stated, each function is correlated symbolically to an element like that : Sensing : Earth, Feeling : Water, Intuition : Fire and Thinking : Air, so it’s very easy and logic to correlate the four functions to the four subtypes like that :

  • Self preservation : Earth and Sensing
  • Sexual venus : Water and Feeling
  • Sexual mars : Fire and Intuition
  • Social : Air and Thinking.

We can represent these four functions with the four Subtypes, with their Yin(Introverted) and Yang (Extroverted ) aspects,  on this schema :

 

 

Croix de Jung

 

In this diagram, the four subtypes are represented in the form of Jung’s famous cross, with the corresponding four elements (Earth, Water, Fire, Air), the four psychic functions of Jung and the three somatotypes of William Sheldon (plus the new somatotype “Venus” we discovered). Each Yin/Yang aspect of the four subtypes, corresponds to the eight characters of the French psychologist Gaston Berger, as well as the eight psychological types described by Jung. (For more details on that topic see EM # 200).

 

You can find some more  explanations on the 8 Jungian functions :

http://www.transpersonalscience.org/types.aspx

A whole article of the subtypes will be published soon in EM. Patience !!

Naranjo is credited to have the first put the personality disorders (PD) of DSM IV in the Enneagram (in character and neurosis), but Ichazo before propouned his own classification.

  Ichazo Naranjo
Type 1 Obsessive-Compulsive Obsessive-Compulsive
Type 2 Narcissistic Histrionic
Type 3 Histrionic X
Type 4 Borderline Masochistic
Type 5 Schizoid or Anti-Social Schizoïd
Type 6 Paranoid Paranoid
Type 7 Schizotypal Narcissic
Type 8 Passive-Aggressive Sadistic
Type 9 Avoidant/Dependent Dependant

 

As note Jeffrey Young (in his book, Shema Therapy), the different personality disorders of the DSM IV correspond mainly to behavior disorders. Young states that the core personality schema is cognitive and emotional, and behavior is a defense mechanism to cope with the schema. In our clinical observations since fifteen years, we clearly see that ennea-types is connected to cognitive and emotional schemas, and subtypes to the behavioral defense mechanism. For example, type 6 is schema of vulnerability. If the subtype is more introverted, the individual will surrender to his schema (phobic 6), and if he is more extraverted he will counter attack his schema (counter phobic 6). It’s exactly the same with the nine types as we already stated earlier (#Enneagram Monthly, Issue N° 206)

Our clinical observations confirm the statement of Young : the personality disorders of the DSM IV is more connected to the subtypes (behavioral defense mechanisms) rather than the types (core personality schemas).

For example,

  • sx mars : obsessive compulsive PD,
  • sx venus : histrionic PD,
  • sc : masochistic PD,
  • sp : narcissic PD,
  • st : schizoid PD

(sx : sexual, sc : social, sp : self preservation, st : spiritual).

The consequences is that every type can be histrionic (and not only the 2), every type can be narcissic (and not only the 7), every type can be obsessive compulsive (and not only the 1), every type can be masochistic (and not only the 4), every type can be schizoid (and not only the 5).

Most of people say a type is not a behavior, although most of the time, we can hear such things as : he is a 4 because he is an artist, he is a 5 because he is a loner, he is a 1 because he is perfectionist, he is a 8 because he is strong, and so on… but don’t you think that artist, loner, perfectionist, strong… sounds like behavior ?

We need to re define ennea-types for what they are : distortion of perception on a cognitive and emotional level, and subtypes for what they are : behavioral defense mechanisms.

We will deepen that topic in the next article on enneagram monthly.

Mandala of five

The link between constitution and enneagram leads us to deepen the knowledge of enneagram. It represents the fondamental basis on which our model is built. In order to understand all its implications it is needed to fully aknowledge what is constitution and how it applies to enneagram.

 

Body, Energy and Mind:

the anthropological model

In the classic medical traditions, since ancient times, constitution is described on three levels: body, energy and mind. Let’s define these three terms to avoid misunderstandings.

 

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