Welcome, dear readers and friends, on the new English page dedicated to our research on the enneagram.
We will publish posts regularly to explain all the different aspects on our new Model, on a both theoretical and practical point of view, such as the fundamental energetical basis of the 3 Centers, the correlation between the 9 types with the Hippocratic and the 5 Taoist Elements, the correlation between the Subtypes and the 5 Jungian Functions, the 5 structures of Character of W Reich, the 5 Wisdom Families of the Buddhist Tradition, and more.
Some other will be on the Homeopathy and Enneagram, but only on a general level.
Some portraits will be proposed also on this page , in a more practical way
This blog will go complementary to Enneagram Monthly Group and magazine and will explore in a deeper way some different topic.
Please, feel free to ask us if you want specific subject to be more explained.
September 8, feast of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary inspires us to talk about the astrological sign of Virgo and Bacchus his astrological regent and see their links with the Enneagram.
There is a similarity between the myth of Dionysus/Bacchus and that of Christ. Benedict XVI notes in his Jesus of Nazareth: “as […] The Lord gave the bread and wine as the carriers of the new Covenant, it is certainly not forbidden to think […] and to see reflected in the Cana story the mystery of the Logos and its cosmic liturgy, in which the myth of Dionysus [Bacchus] is completely transformed while being driven to his hidden truth. »
Luna , de Charles Edward Hallé (British painter) 1846 – 1914
Astrology and the Enneagram, the subject is vast and constitutes the last part of our research, the most important one may be, which risks not being completed before many years …
I have already wrote about this topic on our group: “Enneagramm and Beyond …”, articles and books are being written.
I will try to give some glimpses, as here, with this beautiful portrait, which I must say, inspires me greatly and marvellously illustrates our latest advances …
For those who know a little about astrology, and for the profane moreover, the expression of this face and of the whole picture reveals an impression of grace, harmony, sweetness, peace also which is proper to the sign of Libra (dignified by Venus and Saturn). One could see there the mark of a Sun in Libra, of a Venus, or even of the Moon in this sign. Maybe even a Moon as a sign of Water, like Cancer or Pisces, there is something “airish” land light, which comes out of this picture, which makes me think more of a sign of Air in effect, like Libra justly.
Very difficult, isn’t , to speak in a vacuum, when we have no coordinates, no ephemerides, just our simple intuition, and subjectivity …
The Enneagram, the key to mystery ?
And if the Enneagram brought us this key that we lack and which, in any case, far from competing with Astrology, opens up unexpected fields of observation by revealing itself with unparalleled accuracy and precision.
Let us examine this case. According to our criteria, this person does not correspond to a type 4 of the Enneagram, characterized by an excess of Bile / Angry humor (fanaticism, hardness of heart, feeling of exclusion, dissatisfaction), as many would think . I could expand on it here, but many articles and comments have already been devoted to this thorny subject …
We could also think that it could correspond to a subtype called “Sexual Venus” related to one of the 5 Wisdom Family, called Padma / Lotus (charm, desire for intimacy, need for love, seduction, beauty, compassion), to which she seems to belong,also, but in second place I think …
What, then, is the configuration of the Enneagram that corresponds most to this energy Venus, Moon in Libra, as we mentioned above?
Our recent researches between the types of the Enneagram and the astrological symbolism give us the following table:
We find on the left at the bottom of this table the astrological correspondences of Type 1 Air Yin (Social)
We see that this Type 1 Air Yin is marked by the Moon and Venus in Libra. Let us not go into detail anymore, which would make the subject too complex, perhaps by adding that the associated Angel Haamiah is ruled by Mars and Venus (still Venus) and depicts people with an extremely seductive temperament who likes to please, polish and refined in its relations
We also know that the keyword of Type 1 Air is Peace, Harmony, according to our work.
We can say that type 1 air Yin (social), especially with a 9 wing as it appears to be the case here is marked by a very strong need for harmony, to be loved and to please, taste for refinement and aesthetics, pronounced artistic sense , etc …
This magnificent portait is called “Luna”, where the moon glows dimly in the soothed sky of Libra, which watches with gentleness and wisdom to the harmonization of forces and energies all wrapped in silk and draperies Venus …
In all Enneagram schools, a person with a compulsion to help and save sentient beings is systematically, and quite unfortunately, classified in type 2, which is extremely reductive according to our criteria, and little in keeping with the inherent richness to this Model and its many facets and subtleties
How many people, often women, have been classified in this type 2 when they obviously do not correspond to an emotional type, but to an instinctive type.
This type 1, which many people dislike because it is described essentially as controlled, into resentment and excessive perfectionism, conceals in its midst many treasures of virtue and wisdom, such as that generosity, altruism and benevolence.
Our work on the Angels of the Ennegram shows that the Sexual Type 1 Mars Yin corresponds to the Angel No. 2 named Jeliel, whom Tradition also calls the Helping Angel. The two planets devolved to him are Neptune and Saturn, we also find the two key words: Love and Wisdom for this Angel whose compassion, willingness to save and help, and commitment to altruistic causes is all (see the pianist Hélène Grimaud who, just 20 years old, set up a Wolf Conservation Center in Connecticut). In this regard, this Angel is also known for his love of animals and for desperate causes.
To illustrate my little talk of today, here is this beautiful story, found this morning on the Net:
“When I was 13, I spent a summer in a summer camp, and the prettiest girl I saw came to me and said,” Black is fine for you. ” I do not know why she said that. We chatted and we became friends, we exchanged our pseudonyms of instant messaging AOL and we stayed in touch for a while. “
Kevin Walsh then explained that they lost sight of themselves at the time of the high school, but that it did not happen one day without he thinks to her.
“Even today, I can not explain why, but part of her stayed with me. “
During his last year of high school, Kevin Walsh recounted that he had gone through “stupid high school problems” that seemed insurmountable to him at the time and made him fall into a depression.
“I decided to end my life,” he said. “(I) wrote a word and I went where I planned to finish. “
About 5 to 10 seconds before he went to the act, his phone started ringing. He looked at the caller’s identity (he said he could not die without knowing it), it was a number he did not know, he answered and it was her.
“I asked her how she was going and she said she felt she had to call me. At that moment, it had been a year since we had not spoken, and she chose that moment to call me. To make it short, she asked me what was going on, I spat the piece and it dissuaded me from doing it. She truly told me “What? Do not do that. ” And that’s all. “
“She made me promise to call her the next day, and then we hung up. That night, I began to write the words with which, ten years later, I asked her in marriage. “
Here is an exerpt of the type 6 in our new book in process: the book of integrative typology
Spiritual archetype: Aphrodite
Aphrodite two main aspects are Victory and Beauty.
Victory refers to its attributes of perseverance, determination, endurance and the power to cut through all obstacles and hesitations which stand in the way of realizing one’s aspiration. Aphrodite takes decision, stands firm forever and never regrets (change one’s mind) even in the face of death. It can be said that the ultimate victory is that over death. Aphrodite is not a mortal who fears death and is thereby likely “to regret” in the face of death. It’s absolute confidence.
Beauty refers to the realm of feeling, sentiment, clarity, brightness, sincerity, truth, faith, love, creativity and procreative instinct of the Goddess Aphrodite. It’s the rapture to perceive divine presence in everything.
The source of suffering of any kind is always linked to the duality (Ego consciousness) and the separation of our true spiritual nature. In the type 6, the loss of Victory give rise to insecurity and the loss of Beauty (and so to self-esteem) to stained feeling. The spiritual ego is identified with the jealous, controling and fault-finding Primal Father. The primitive ego is identified with the extase whose most instinctive expression is raw sexual enjoyment and possession. In consequence, relation ego perceives pleasure as impure and feels himself stained. The fear of punishment gives him a tremendous feeling of vulnerability, guilt and self-doubt, with no secure place in the world. They can compensate in two ways. The yin compensation is by trying to regain the estim of the Father with a strong sense of loyality. The yang compensation is by rebelling against an authority that is perceived as unfair, oppressive and tyrannical.
I would like to expose to you , in the light of our work on the Schema Therapies and the Enneagram and through many examples this so particular type.
First at all let’s give some definition of what is a type, in opposite of the other aspect of our individual configuration , that is the famous “Subtype”, which is, as I usually say, a very bad term, indeed.
Jeffrey Young an American psychologist works on a new therapy that deals with Early Maladaptive Schemas (Schema Therapy). Early Maladaptive Schemas are self-defeating emotional and cognitive patterns that begin early in our development and repeat throughout life. According to this definition, an individual’s behaviour is not part of the schema itself; Young theorizes that “maladaptive behaviours develop as responses to a schema”. Thus behaviours are driven by schemas but are not part of schemas.
According to our model, internal schemas lie at the core of personality disorders and the behavioural patterns in DSM-IV are primarily responses to the core schemas. For most DSM-IV categories, the coping behaviours are the personality disorders. Many diagnostic criteria are lists of coping responses”.
In our fifteen years of clinical observations on more than 2000 subjects, we clearly saw that the personality disorders of the DSM IV, as behavioural pattern, is connected to the subtypes rather than the types that are linked to the cognitive and emotional core schemas.
For example, type 6 is the schema of vulnerability. If the subtype is more introverted, the individual will surrender to his schema (phobic 6), and if he is more extroverted he will counter attack his schema (counter phobic 6). The type 7 is the schema of self-sacrifice. If the subtype is introverted, he will surrender to the schema (sacrifice) and if he is extroverted he will counter attack it (counter sacrifice or epicurean). It’s exactly the same with the nine types as we already stated earlier (#EM 206). Note that we have adapted Jeffrey Young schema therapy to our new enneagram model, and our results show slight differences.
Type 9 and the Subjugation Schema
According to Jeffrey Young (J. Young. Schema Therapies ) some characteristics of the Subjugation Schema are :
Excessive surrendering of control to others because one feels coerced—submitting in
order to avoid anger, retaliation, or abandonment. The two major forms of subjugation
A. Subjugation of needs: Suppression of one’s preferences, decisions, and desires.
B. Subjugation of emotions: Suppression of emotions, especially anger.
Usually involves the perception that one’s own desires, opinions, and feelings are
not valid or important to others. Frequently presents as excessive compliance, combined
with hypersensitivity to feeling trapped. Generally leads to a build up of anger, manifested
in maladaptive symptoms (e.g., passive–aggressive behaviour, uncontrolled outbursts of
temper, psychosomatic symptoms, withdrawal of affection, “acting out,” substance
In our work with the Schema Therapies and Enneagram this Subjugation schema is related to the type 9.
As we already mentioned, if we are an Extraverted type we tend to overcompensate the schema, in the case of an Introverted type we will submit to the schema.
The type 9 Counter Subjugation :
As a result we can have very assertive or domineering 9s (counter subjugation ), in opposition to the 9s Yin (introverted ) that is more related to the common description of the 9 (passivity, avoidance, narcotization, suppressed anger and so on… )
The classical bias is also to associate Introverted people with the type 5, or 6 (except the counter phobic ) or 4 or 9 and Extroverted people with some 8 or 1 or 7…
Most of the time the type 9 Yang or Extrovert tend to be associated with 8 or 1 (Mandala, Malala Yousafzai, Charles de Gaulle, Helmut Kohl, Hitchcock, etc… )
We will see also that the Subtype Space is very similar to the type 9 and very often people who belong to this Family type themselves in this type. See the example of Gandhi who is classically type in the 9, but is , according to our work a Head Center, type 7 Yin and Space Family (the type 9 is only a cofixation ). And there are so many !!( French President Hollande, JP SArtre, etc… )
Some characteristics of this Space family (see more details in the next article in Enneagram Monthtly ) :
Awakening, Space, Emptiness and fullness, Timelessness and impermanence, Silence, Immobility, Infinity, Present moment, Presence, Spirituality, Contemplative and meditative, Calm, Simplicity, Humility, “Normality”, Peace as vital importance, Unprejudiced conscience, Impartiality, Spacious mind, inclusive and reassuring.
Disconnection, lack of earth and grounding, Disembodiment, Disintegration, Fear of the unknown and of the other, Closed mind, lack of communication, Solitude, Shyness, Do not like to put themselves forward, Escape from reality, avoidance, denial, ignorance, inertia, Escape the conflict and the confrontation, Numbness, Catatonia, Narcotization and Anesthesia of the senses and the mind, Made the deaf and the blind, Sloth and indolence,” I don’t care” attitude, Need for security and routine to overcome anxiety, Schizoid tendency.
Naranjo is credited to have the first put the personality disorders of DSM IV in the Enneagram (in character and neurosis), but Ichazo before propounded his own classification.
|Type 5||Schizoid or Anti-Social||Schizoïd|
Beside the fact that these two classifications shows some huge differences that nobody has pointed out nor clarified (why 7 is narcissicist in one and schizotypal in the other ??), we question the even fact to classify Axis II diagnostic system of DSM-IV in the nine enneatypes.
Second, we question also the tendency to pathologize both the types and the subtypes by giving pathologizing names. Each type or subtypes can be described on the whole spectrum from pathology to psychological maturation and spiritual qualities.
Jeffrey Young an American psychologist works on a new therapy that deals with Early Maladaptive Schemas (Schema Therapy). Early Maladaptive Schemas are self-defeating emotional and cognitive patterns that begin early in our development and repeat throughout life. According to this definition, an individual’s behavior is not part of the schema itself; Young theorizes that “maladaptive behaviors develop as responses to a schema”. Thus behaviors are driven by schemas but are not part of schemas.
As note Jeffrey Young (in his book, Schema Therapy), “we believe that the Axis II diagnostic system in DSM-IV is seriously flawed. In an attempt to establish criteria based on observable behaviors, the developers have lost the essence of both what distinguishes Axis I from Axis II disorders and what makes chronic disorders hard to treat. According to our model, internal schemas lie at the core of personality disorders and the behavioral patterns in DSM-IV are primarily responses to the core schemas.For most DSM-IV categories, the coping behaviors are the personality disorders. Many diagnostic criteria are lists of coping responses”.
In our fifteen years of clinical observations on more than 2000 subjects, we clearly saw that the personality disorders of the DSM IV, as behavioral pattern, is connected to the subtypes rather than the types that are linked to the cognitive and emotional core schemas.
For example, type 6 is the schema of vulnerability. If the subtype is more introverted, the individual will surrender to his schema (phobic 6), and if he is more extraverted he will counter attack his schema (counter phobic 6). The type 7 is the schema of self-sacrifice. If the subtype is introverted, he will surrender to the schema (sacrifice) and if he is extraverted he will counter attack it (counter sacrifice or epicurean). It’s exactly the same with the nine types as we already stated earlier (#EM 206). Note that we have adapted Jeffrey Young schema therapy to our new enneagram model, and our results show slight differences.
We classify personality disorders in the subtypes like that (based on Reich five character structures) : sx mars : obsessive compulsive, sx venus : histrionic, sc : masochistic, sp : narcissic, st : schizoid (sx : sexual, sc : social, sp : self preservation, st : spiritual subtypes).
The consequences are that every type can be histrionic (and not only the 2), every type can be narcissic (and not only the 7), every type can be obsessive compulsive (and not only the 1), every type can be masochistic (and not only the 4), every type can be schizoid (and not only the 5).
Most of people say a type is not a behavior, although most of the time, we can hear such things as: he is a 4 because he is an artist, he is a 5 because he is a loner, he is a 1 because he is perfectionist, he is a 8 because he is strong, and so on… but don’t you think that artist, loner, perfectionist, strong… sounds like behavior?
Our goal is to re define types and subtypes in that sense:
- Nine types and five subtypes are two separate systems that mix together like abscissa and ordinate to define the character of an individual.
- Both types and subtypes can be defined through a whole spectrum from pathology to psychological and spiritual qualities.
- Types are more connected to cognitive and emotional level (schema); subtypes are more connected to behavioral response.
That’s the topic of the present article for subtypes.
To be published soon in Enneagram Monthly. Stay tuned !
I would like to make with you a little journey through the Ennagram, to can explore the Anger in all its forms and see where we can find it, in its purest remotest corners, where we even cannot imagine to find it. In life anger takes so many forms, so as in Enneagram, that becames a good place to hide and seek and dress up its best disguise…
First at all, the Anger, from my early learning, was stated to be in the Gut Center, that is not completely wrong as we henceforth know that the type 8 and 1 are on the taoist element of Fire that correspond to the red Anger in opposition of the Wood that corresponds to the green Anger and to the type 7 and 2 .
Considering the Hippocratic elements we can see also that the 8 and 1 are on the bilious Temperament, called also Choleric Temperament.
Thus a brief overview show us already that the 1,2,7,8 types are directly connected to the Anger.
And what about the 3, the 4, the 5 and the 6, oh , I was forgetting the 9 !!
Let us roll up our sleeves, and go for a little descent into the bowels of Enneagram !
Here is the 4, last type seated in the Center of the Anger , according to the sufi, on the point called, excess of Bile/anger. The Bagua shows also the Wood Yin Element for the 4 that corresponds to suppressed anger and irritabitlity. We can find for the 4 a lot of Anger and mainly suppressed anger that is reinforced by the fact that 4 is also on the very withdrawn taoist Metal/melancholic Element, quite a program for the 4 !!!
And what about the 3 ?
For him the Bagua indicates the Trigram ” the Thunder” that correspond to the Wood Yang (expressed Anger ), so as the Tree of Life with the Sphere of Hesed representing a King on the throne and the Planet JUpiter ! Zeus … the God of thunder!
What else, before closing the lid !!!
Of course we could say that the 5, 6 and 9 are a priori more quiet and peaceful, mainly the very centered 5, among the all, and his cousin the peaceful 9, but actually no, if we consider the famous Subtype Vajra or SX/male, that I would like to present to you more… and that can be combined with EVERY types !!!
The SX/Male Subtype or VAJRA Family
About two years after we had started our research and had examined several hundred clinical cases according to our energy-based method, we realized that what we defined as sexual subtypes, were actually two very distinct characters, a more masculine and a more feminine one. We agreed to name them Mars and Venus in reference to the symbolism of these gods of Greek Antiquity.
The sexual Mars subtype appears as an aggressive, combative, competitive, energetic, anxious and obsessive individual while the sexual Venus subtype is more charming, charismatic, compassionate, dependent and prone to forsaken feeling. (See more in EM, issue 200 )
This Sx/male Subtype, called also VAJRA, that means the Thunder in Sanskrit.
Let’s quote Irini Rokwell, disciple of the renown Tibetan Buddhist master Chögyam Trungpa (article from Shambala Sun) :
“Of the many methods for understanding and working with the energies that pervade our existence, one of the most profound is the “five Buddha families,” an ancient Buddhist system of understanding enlightened mind and its various aspects. The five Buddha family framework is an instrumental component in Buddhist Tantra, a path of working with and transmuting mind energy.
The Buddha families are traditionally displayed as the mandala of the five Tathagatas, or Buddhas. The mandala (from the Sanskrit for “circle”) aids meditators in understanding how different aspects of existence operate together in an integrated whole. Each of the Buddhas in the mandala embodies one of the five different aspects of enlightenment. However, these manifest themselves not only as enlightened energies but also as neurotic states of mind. The Buddha families therefore present us with a complete picture of both the sacred world of enlightened mind and the neurotic world of ego-centered existence. We see that they are indeed the same thing; the path of awakening is what makes the difference”
In the early 1970s Chögyam Trungpa Rinpoche taught for the first time these traditional system of the five wisdom energies to contemporary American practitioners as a way of understanding who we are fundamentally: our personality, our emotional landscape, and how we relate to others and our world. He promoted the understanding that there is nothing inherently wrong or bad about the energy itself. He taught that to bring the wisdom energies to the path, we first learn to stay with them through mindfulness and awareness. Then we can work with these energies as they arise in our experience by applying loving-kindness. We allow them to express themselves openly rather than trying fruitlessly to manipulate and control them. The energies then become a way of celebrating our strengths and working with our weaknesses.
Vajra Family in the Buddhist tradition corresponds to Anger and Fear and to Clarity of mind and Peace in its awakened aspect.
Wisdom family : Vajra . “The first Buddha family is the Vajra family, which literally means the family of sharpness, crystallization, and indestructibility. In the ordinary world, the experience of Vajra is perhaps not as extremes holding razor blades in our hand, but at the same time, it is penetrating and very personal. It is like a sharp, cutting, biting-cold winter. A person in the Vajra family knows how to evaluate logically the arguments that are used to explain experience. The neurotic expression of Vajra is associated with anger and intellectual fixation. If we become fixated on a particular logic, the sharpness of Vajra can become rigidity. We become possessive of our insight, rather than having a sense of open perspective. Clear water suggests the sharp, precise, clear reflectiveness of vajra wisdom. In fact, Vajra wisdom is traditionally called the mirror like wisdom, which evokes this image of a calm pondor reflecting pool” (Chögyam Trungpa, Journey without a goal).
Clarity, faculty of reasoning, logic and scientific mind, intelligence, quick and sharp mind, faculty of reasoning, deep and penetrating vision, frankness, sense of justice, pacification, order, discipline, precision, sobriety, purification.
Negative aspects :
Hot or cold anger, hatred, aggression, choleric tempered, bruiser and fighter, feeling of injustice and rebellion, freezing fear, mental fixation and dogmatism, stiffness, hardness, and dogmatism, obsession and psychorigidity, intellectualization and excess of analysis, right and wrong attitude, impatience, distance, coldness.
This particular subtype can be confounded with the type 8 and 1 of the Enneagram and also we can find some cases of 4, who are actually Sx/male Yin or Jungian Introverted Intuition (see our article on this blog on Frida Kalho and Johnny Depp )
This subtype is also related to the Jungian Function of Intuition and to the Rigid character structure of Wilhem Reich.
Some famous cases of Sx/Mars :
Klaus Kinski, Paul Newman, Jack Nicholson, Michael Douglas, Mel Gibson, Van Gogh , Beethoven, Demi Moore, Madonna, Che Guevara, Sarah Palin, Margaret Albright, A. Hitler, etc…
A complete and in depth article will be published very soon in EM : ” Subtypes : for a paradigm shift and integrative view “.
This article will re define types and subtypes in that sense:
- Nine types and five subtypes are two separate systems that mix together like abscissa and ordinate to define the character of an individual.
- Both types and subtypes can be defined through a whole spectrum from pathology to psychological and spiritual qualities.
- Types are more connected to cognitive and emotional level (schema); subtypes are more connected to behavioral response.
Be patient !
About two years after starting our research, having examined several hundred clinical cases according to our energy-based method, we realized that in what we define as sexual subtypes, emerges two very characterized aspects, a more masculine and the other more feminine. We agreed to named them Mars and Venus in reference to the symbolism of these gods of Greek Antiquity. Sexual Mars subtype appears as an aggressive, combative, competitive, energetic, anxious and obsessive individual, and sexual Venus subtype as someone charming, charismatic, compassionate, dependent and abandonic.
The best keywords we have found for this sexual Venus subtype, we owe to Irini Rockwell, disciple of renowned Tibetan Buddhist teacher, Chögyam trungpa, who the first, in the 1970s revealed to the American public the fabulous system of the five Wisdom Families (Vajra, Ratna, Péma, Karma, Bouddha), then reserved for the practitioners during the famous traditional three-year retreats. Few texts are devoted to their study. Key words we give you here concern the Wisdom Family Padma/Lotus, which, according to our research, fully corresponds to the fourth subtype Venus.
Compassion, love, affection, kindness, intuition, openness of heart, contact, harmony, empathy, kindness, affability, sweetness, charm, delicacy, refined taste, finesse, love of art and beauty, artistry, loving state, romance, seduction, magnetism, charisma, attractiveness, sensitivity, sensuality, pleasure, intimacy, purity, pristinity.
Negative aspects :
Desire and obsessive attachment. burning, all-consuming and destructive Passion. Desire to please. Great need for love. Need for intimacy, fusion, attention. Excessive dependence. He lives in the eyes of the other. Intense heartache. Feels lack cruelly. Feelings of abandonment, separation, isolation, loss, desolation. Depression. Melancholy. Emotional instability and credulity. Frivolity. Lust. Erotomania. Perversion. Manipulation. Hysteria.
“Passion: the desire to feel
healthy activities: magnetize, communicate
neurotic activity: fantasizing, manipulate
Emotions: Passion, desire to merge
sense of failure: feel incomplete, lonely and depressed
defence mechanisms: desire to please
fears: boredom, mediocrity, reject
Wisdom: discriminating awareness (i.e. What is good for themselves and the other in the relationship)” [i]
Wisdom family: Padma
“Padma, literally means “lotus flower.” The symbol of the enlightened padma family is the lotus, which grows and blooms in the mud, yet still comes out pure and clean, virginal and clear.Padma neurosis is connected with passion, a grasping quality and a desire to possess. We are completely wrapped up in desire and want only to seduce the world, without concern for real communication.A person with padma neurosis speaks gently, fantastically gently, and he or she is seemingly very sexy, kind, magnificent, and completely accommodating.When padma neurosis is transmuted, it become fantastically precise and aware; it turns into tremendous interest and inquisitiveness. Everything is seen in its own distinct way with its own particular qualities and characteristics. Thus the wisdom of padma is called discriminating-awareness wisdom” (Chögyam Trungpa, Journey without a goal).
The core vital sensation of Pema Family/Venus subtype is isolation.”In reaction, we generate the compulsion to consummate, and to cling to the comforting proximity of people, places, things and ideas. We find our world to be an emotional desert and attempt to crowd out our loneliness by indiscriminately grabbing at the experience of union with any focus of our fleeting attention. We misinterpret the discovery of isolation/separation as the need to unify as quickly as possible with further and yet further focuses of seductive proximity.”[ii]
There is a real risk of confusing the emotional types (2, 3, 4) and specialy the type 4 of the Enneagram, described as a romantic, but also enneatype 6, specialy the sexuel 6 (Force beauty) with this fourth subtype.
You can see more in EM, issue 200 : “The birth of Venus, or Close encounter of the Fouth Type ”
Some famous cases of Sexual/Venus : Maryline Monroe, Brigitte Bardot, Laetitia Casta, Isabelle Adjani, Rudolf Noureev, etc…
And of course Maryline Monroe :
[i] Irini Rockwell, The Five Wisdom Energies. Shamballa Publications.
[ii] Ngak’chang Rinpoche & Khandro Déchen, Embracing Emotions as the Path, http://arobuddhism.org.
Carl Gustav Jung determinated four basic functions: sensing, feeling, intuition, thinking plus consciousness as a fifth function.
Through the study of analytical psychology, Jung explained the idea of quaternary or wholeness. Quaternary is a total of four parts combined to create a whole and in this case, quaternary describes the completion of human beings.
In the psychology of Jung, people have four elements or a quaternary as fundamental patterns depicting thoughts and behavior.
As a circle is whole, there are four equal parts pieced together to form the thoughts of human beings. In the same way, the quaternary composes every individual with four pieces perfectly fitting together to create wholeness. The mandala is an example of quaternary in a depicted form. Carl Jung explained the quality of four parts or the quaternary in people. The pieces are as follows, the mind or intuition, the body or sensation, the intellect or thinking, and emotion or feeling. The four elements or quaternity as described by Jung create the basis of every human being.
Our discovering of the fourth subtype (see more EM, issue 200, ) leads us to give to enneagram the missing part : the female aspect of the totality or the Self. The three centers and the nine types symbolize the male aspect, and the four subtypes the female aspect. The union of the two, is the sacred marriage of the opposites.
On the contrary, and as Jung himself stated, each function is correlated symbolically to an element like that : Sensing : Earth, Feeling : Water, Intuition : Fire and Thinking : Air, so it’s very easy and logic to correlate the four functions to the four subtypes like that :
- Self preservation : Earth and Sensing
- Sexual venus : Water and Feeling
- Sexual mars : Fire and Intuition
- Social : Air and Thinking.
We can represent these four functions with the four Subtypes, with their Yin(Introverted) and Yang (Extroverted ) aspects, on this schema :
In this diagram, the four subtypes are represented in the form of Jung’s famous cross, with the corresponding four elements (Earth, Water, Fire, Air), the four psychic functions of Jung and the three somatotypes of William Sheldon (plus the new somatotype “Venus” we discovered). Each Yin/Yang aspect of the four subtypes, corresponds to the eight characters of the French psychologist Gaston Berger, as well as the eight psychological types described by Jung. (For more details on that topic see EM # 200).
You can find some more explanations on the 8 Jungian functions :
A whole article of the subtypes will be published soon in EM. Patience !!
A diffential decoding :
Usualy Johnny Depp and Frida Kalh are typed in the 4 in the Enneagram schools.
We will see in this article how a type 4, called the “Artist”, can be confounded with a type SX5.
According to our decoding, Frida and Johnny Depp are both on the point 5 of the Head Center, called also the “Observer”.
The point of Apathy :
This type is on the point of dysfunction of the Vatta/desire humor in lack (the 7 is on the excess of Vatta/desire, while the 6 is on the absence of ).
“This lack of Desire, or deficiency in our natural lust, indicating a hot and moist temper, are apathy in regard to food, sex and work, that is we are weak in our attraction to pleasure. We fall into timidity and despair, impassively indifferent to what is going on around us. We lack zest, becoming miserly and obstinate as we retreat from life. We may have an inferiority complex which causes us to be self depreciating and lacking in self confidence. Lacking self esteem, we become spiritless and timid. ” (Laleh Bakhtiar, R.O.S.E )
The Introverted Intuition :
As we know, all type can be combined with “Subtypes”, here the Sx/male., that is related in our work to the Intuition Jungian Function and to the obessive and rigid character of W Reich. (see more in our next article in EM on the Subtypes. )
This Intuition Function, can be Extroverted or Introverted. In the case of the Introverted Intuition , Jung himself descrided very precise characteristics in. his ” Psychological types” . As you will see, this function is very similar to the 4 (the damned artist, the unappreciated genius ). In our observation, many SX/male Yin or Introvertion /Intuition are type in the 4 !!! :
” The peculiar nature of introverted intuition, when given the priority, also produces a peculiar type of man, viz. the mystical dreamer and seer on the one hand, or the fantastical crank and artist on the other. The latter might be regarded as the normal case, since there is a general tendency of this type to confine himself to the perceptive character of intuition. As a rule, the intuitive stops at perception; perception is his principal problem, and — in the case of a productive artist-the shaping of perception. But the crank contents himself with the intuition by which he himself is shaped and determined. Intensification of intuition naturally often results in an extraordinary aloofness of the individual from tangible reality; he may even become a complete enigma to his own immediate circle. [p. 509]
If an artist, he reveals extraordinary, remote things in his art, which in iridescent profusion embrace both the significant and the banal, the lovely and the grotesque, the whimsical and the sublime. If not an artist, he is frequently an unappreciated genius, a great man ‘gone wrong’, a sort of wise simpleton, a figure for ‘psychological’ novels.
Although it is not altogether in the line of the introverted intuitive type to make of perception a moral problem, since a certain reinforcement of the rational functions is required for this, yet even a relatively slight differentiation of judgment would suffice to transfer intuitive perception from the purely æsthetic into the moral sphere. A variety of this type is thus produced which differs essentially from its æsthetic form, although none the less characteristic of the introverted intuitive. The moral problem comes into being when the intuitive tries to relate himself to his vision, when he is no longer satisfied with mere perception and its æsthetic shaping and estimation, but confronts the question: What does this mean for me and for the world? What emerges from this vision in the way of a duty or task, either for me or for the world? The pure intuitive who represses judgment or possesses it only under the spell of perception never meets this question fundamentally, since his only problem is the How of perception. He, therefore, finds the moral problem unintelligible, even absurd, and as far as possible forbids his thoughts to dwell upon the disconcerting vision. It is different with the morally orientated intuitive. He concerns himself with the meaning of his vision; he troubles less about its further æsthetic possibilities than about the possible moral effects which emerge from its intrinsic significance. His judgment allows him to discern, though often only darkly, that he, as a man and as a totality, is in some way inter-related with his vision, that [p. 510] it is something which cannot just be perceived but which also would fain become the life of the subject. Through this realization he feels bound to transform his vision into his own life. But, since he tends to rely exclusively upon his vision, his moral effort becomes one-sided; he makes himself and his life symbolic, adapted, it is true, to the inner and eternal meaning of events, but unadapted to the actual present-day reality. Therewith he also deprives himself of any influence upon it, because he remains unintelligible. His language is not that which is commonly spoken — it becomes too subjective. His argument lacks convincing reason. He can only confess or pronounce. His is the ‘voice of one crying in the wilderness’.
The introverted intuitive’s chief repression falls upon the sensation of the object. His unconscious is characterized by this fact. For we find in his unconscious a compensatory extraverted sensation function of an archaic character. The unconscious personality may, therefore, best be described as an extraverted sensation-type of a rather low and primitive order. Impulsiveness and unrestraint are the characters of this sensation, combined with an extraordinary dependence upon the sense impression. This latter quality is a compensation to the thin upper air of the conscious attitude, giving it a certain weight, so that complete ‘sublimation’ is prevented. But if, through a forced exaggeration of the conscious attitude, a complete subordination to the inner perception should develop, the unconscious becomes an opposition, giving rise to compulsive sensations whose excessive dependence upon the object is in frank conflict with the conscious attitude. The form of neurosis is a compulsion-neurosis, exhibiting symptoms that are partly hypochondriacal manifestations, partly hypersensibility of the sense organs and partly compulsive ties to definite persons or other objects. [p. 511] “
[ Web Source: http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/Jung/types.htm ]
In our next article you will see that this “Subtype” is also related to the Vajra Family.
This Vajra Family corresponds to the Anger, the hate, the fear also, and its awakened qualities is the Clarity of Mind and the Peace.
We can say that this Sx/male or Vajra Family is in some ways incompatible with the “lack of Desire ” 5, or apathic 5…. It is the reason why, we think, this type 5 becomes quite unseen with such a subtype… Anger, irritability is much more a characteristic of the 4 than of the 5…
The 72 Archetypes, or Genius:
One more important thing I wanted to see with you is the keywords for the SX /male Introverted 5 , that we find in our work on the 72 Archetypes of the Enneagram, called also Genius or Angel in the Christian tradition
Each Archetype or Genius is the combiantion of the core type with the core “Subtype”.
Here we have the type 5, then the SX/Male YIn (or Introverted SX/male ).
The corresponding Archetype/Angel is ALADIA whose keywords are : asceticism, austerity, mortification, maniaco depressive autopersécution, solitude, transcendence.
This Genius or Angel Aladia is also known for protecting people against natural catastrophes such as fire, explosion, accidents. When we know the life of Frida and that she escaped death in a car crash, when 22 others people died… She endured operations many months in hospital and after the incapacity of giving birth to her child. I would also say that difficult life, are not the reality only of the 4s, of course, as I often can see it (she has a hard life, so she is a 4, etc… )
Generally speaking, according to our work , all the Sx 5 are in the rubric : inventiveness, progressivism, avant gardisme, creativity.
They are very unconventional people who are very ahead of their time…. and also very misunderstood genius or avant -gardist artists, such as the Spanish Architect Antoni Gaudí, or the philosopher Friedisch Nietzsche , etc…
The full Enneagramic configuration for Frida and Johnny Depp :
These two artists seem to have a lot of similitudes in their configuration :
Main type : 5
Wing : 4
Cofixations or minor types : 4 and 1 (may be 8 for Frida )
Subtype : Sx/male Introverted
The arrows 8 and 7 are very presents too, mainly the 8 in Frida…